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Fighting off Bone Disease

fighting off bone disease

Every year, nearly 1.5 million fractures are attributed to osteoporosis. But what causes bone disease and how can you protect yourself from it?

These are important questions – ones that scientists at the Musculoskeletal Research Center in Hebrew SeniorLife’s Institute for Aging Research have devoted their careers to, as well as identifying all health risks associated with bone disease. While we know osteoporosis occurs when bodies lose bone or make too little of it, what causes bones to fracture more easily with age is still not completely understood.

The good news is that Institute findings have opened up promising new areas for continued research, while others suggest various steps individuals can take now to improve their bone health. Consider these strategies for preventing bone disease:

  • Consume a higher level of dietary protein. A study has shown seniors who do this are less likely to suffer hip fractures than seniors whose daily dietary protein intake is less. Researchers recommend older women consume at least 46 grams of protein per day and that older men consume at least 56 grams of protein daily. This can come from both animal sources (meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, and yogurt) and plants (legumes, grains, nuts, seeds, and vegetables).
  • Since Vitamin D deficiency appears to increase the risk for fracture,  make sure your diet includes milk or fortified juice and if necessary include vitamin D supplements with at least 1,000 international units (IU) of Vitamin D each day.
  • Exercise regularly, including weight training, to minimize bone loss and strengthen muscles. A recent Institute study showed that Tai Chi for nine months improved bone mineral density and tended to slow down the turnover of bone.
  • Lifestyle choices make a difference. Eliminate smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Talk to your doctor about scheduling a bone density screening to help assess your risk of fracture and whether you need treatment with medication.

If you have concerns about bone health or other medical issues, feel free to schedule an appointment at Hebrew SeniorLife’s new practice at the Center Communities of Brookline. Call 617-363-8041 to learn more. 

More information on bone disease findings from the Musculoskeletal Research Center in Hebrew SeniorLife’s Institute for Aging Research.

Douglas P. Kiel, M.D., M.P.H.'s picture

About the Blogger

Director of Medical Research, Senior Scientist, Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research

My primary research interests are in the area of osteoporosis and related fractures, including falls, nutritional factors, genetics, and frailty. Much of my work has been carried out in association with the Framingham Study, which includes an ancillary study called the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. In addition, I am interested in clinical trials of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions to preserve bone mass and prevent fractures.

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No story to tell. Just a question: can this be correct: "Vitamin D deficiency appears to reduce the risk for fracture"?

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